Studies

Beyond Kegels. The Vaginal Rejuvenation Movement.

Beyond Kegels. The Vaginal Rejuvenation Movement.

Wendy Lewis Discouraged by the limitations of Kegels, HRT, and Poise®, a record number of women are seeking procedures that address both their functional concerns, and the myriad of changes that accompany childbirth and ageing. Women are becoming more empowered to take steps to improve their health, confidence, and sex...

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Vaginal Rejuvenation Using Energy-Based Devices

Vaginal Rejuvenation Using Energy-Based Devices

Cheryl Karcher, MD and Neil Sadick, MD Physiologic changes in a woman’s life, such as childbirth, weight fluctuations, and hormonal changes due to aging and menopause, may alter the laxity of the vaginal canal, damage the pelvic floor, and devitalize the mucosal tone of the vaginal wall. These events often...

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The Nuts and Bolts of Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy

The Nuts and Bolts of Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy

Hoon Chung, Tianhong Dai PhD, Sulbha K. Sharma, Ying-Ying Huang, James D. Carroll, and Michael R. Hamblin Soon after the discovery of lasers in the 1960s it was realized that laser therapy had the potential to improve wound healing and reduce pain, inflammation and swelling. In recent years the field...

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LED-Low Level Light Therapy in Aesthetic Practice

LED-Low Level Light Therapy in Aesthetic Practice

R. Glen Calderhead, MSc PhD and David B. Vasily, MD Before discussing either the photobiological basics or clinical applications of light-emitting diode photo-therapy for the ageing face, the author believes that the title itself raises three major questions to which the reader needs an answer prior to proceeding. First, what...

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Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy (LLLT) in Skin: Stimulating, Healing, Restoring

Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy (LLLT) in Skin: Stimulating, Healing, Restoring

Pinar Avci, MD, Asheesh Gupta, PhD, Magesh Sadasivam, MTech, Daniela Vecchio, PhD, Zeev Pam, MD, Nadav Pam, MD, and Michael R. Hamblin, PhD Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) is a fast-growing technology used to treat a multitude of conditions that require stimulation of healing, relief of pain and inflammation, and...

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Pelvic Floor Disorders: Epidemiology and Pathophysiology and New Treatment Options

Pelvic Floor Disorders: Epidemiology and Pathophysiology and New Treatment Options

Sarah de la Torre, MD and Jeff Muir, MD The female pelvic floor is composed of the musculature, soft tissues, and connective tissues providing structural support for the bowel, bladder, uterus, and other pelvic organs. Disorders affecting one or more of these organs, broadly referred to as pelvic floor disorders(PFDs),...

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